BELOW, YOU WILL FIND YOUR EIGHTH GRADE COMMON CORE STANDARDS PLEASE FEEL FREE TO ADD ANY ADDITIONAL APPS TO THE APPROPRIATE STANDARDS ELA

8th Grade LA

READING LITERARY (RL) Key Ideas and Details
Middle School English ELACC8RL1: Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

ELACC8RL2: Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.

ELACC8RL3: Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.

Craft and Structure ELACC8RL4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.

ELACC8RL5: Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.

ELACC8RL6: Analyze how differences in the points of view of characters and the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create such effects as suspense or humor.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas ELACC8RL7: Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors.

ELACC8RL9: Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity ELACC8RL10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature,including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently

READING INFORMATIONAL (RL) Key Ideas and Details ELA CC8RI1: Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
USA Today ELACC8RI2: Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.

ELACC8RI3: Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or categories).

Craft and Structure ELACC8RI4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to other texts.

ELACC8RI5: Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text, including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key concept.

ELACC8RI6: Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas ELACC8RI7: Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video, multimedia) to present a particular topic or idea.

ELACC8RI8: Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

ELACC8RI9: Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on matters of fact or interpretation.

ABC News Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity ELACC8RI10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

English Listening and Reading- Encyclopedic Knowledge for Middle School

WRITING (W) Text Types and Purposes ELACC8W1: Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. a. Introduce claim(s), acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically. b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. d. Establish and maintain a formal style. e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

ELACC8W2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content. a. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension. b. Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples. c. Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts. d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic. e. Establish and maintain a formal style. f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

ELACC8W3: Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences. a. Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. b. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, description, and reflection, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters. c. Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence, signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another, and show the relationships among experiences and events. d. Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events. e. Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events.

Production and Distribution of Writing ELACC8W4: Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing typesare defined in standards 1–3 above.) ELACC8W5: With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1–3 up to and including grade 8.) ELACC8W6: Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing & present the relationships between info. and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

Research to Build and Present Knowledge ELACC8W7: Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allowfor multiple avenues of exploration. ELACC8W8: Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. ELACC8W9: Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research. a. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new"). b. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., "Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced").
Read N Respond Range of Writing ELACC8W10: Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Book Chat

SPEAKING AND LISTENING

English Listening and Reading - Encyclopedic Knowledge for Middle School

Comprehension and Collaboration ELACC8SL1: Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics and texts, building others' ideas and expressing their own clearly. a. Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion. b. Follow rules for collegial discussions and decision-making, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as needed. c. Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and elicit elaboration and respond to others’ questions and comm ents with relevant evidence, observations, and ideas. d. Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views and understanding in light of the evidence presented. ELACC8SL2: Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation. ELACC8SL3: Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and relevance and sufficiency of the evidence and identifying when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas ELACC8SL4: Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning, and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation. ELACC8SL5: Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add i nterest. ELACC8SL6: Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 8 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

LANGUAGE (L) Conventions of Standard English ELACC8L1: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. a. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences. b. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.

Grammar Express: Active & Passive Voice Lite

c. Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood. d. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.* ELACC8L2: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a. Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break. b. Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission. c. Spell correctly.

Knowledge of Language ELACC8L3: Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening. a. Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action; expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact).

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELACC8L4: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase. b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g., precede, recede, secede). c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech

Dictionary.com

d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary). ELACC8L5: Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g. verbal irony, puns) in context. b. Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words. c. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute). ELACC8L6: Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

MATH
App: Free Graphing Calculator
App: TI-Nspire
App: Middle School Math HD
App: Elevated Math
App: Math. Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software. MCC8.G.1 Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations: a. Lines are taken to lines, and line segments to line segments of the same length. b. Angles are taken to angles of the same measure. c. Parallel lines are taken to parallel lines.
App: Transformations MCC8.G.2 Understand that a two-dimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them.
App: Symmetry Shuffle MCC8.G.3 Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations and reflections on two-dimensional figures using coordinates. MCC8.G.4 Understand that a two-dimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar two-dimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them. MCC8.G.5 Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles.
App: Sum of the Exterior Angles of Polygons
App: Geoboard Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem. MCC8.G.6 Explain a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.
App: Pythagoras MCC8.G.7 Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to determine unknown side lengths in right triangles in real-world and mathematical problems in two and three dimensions. MCC8.G.8 Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the distance between two points in a coordinate system. Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres. MCC8.G.9 Know the formulas for the volume of cones, cylinders, and spheres and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems. Work with radicals and integer exponents. MCC8.EE.1 Know and apply the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions. MCC8.EE.2 Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to equations of the form x2 = p and x3 = p, where p is a positive rational number. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that √2 is irrational. MCC8.EE.3 Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other.
App: Zombies vs. Exponents MCC8.EE.4 Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology. Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations. MCC8.EE.5 Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways. MCC8.EE.6 Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a non-vertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx+b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b. Geoboard Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations. MCC8.EE.7 Solve linear equations in one variable. MCC8.EE.7a Give examples of linear equations in one variable with one solution, infinitely many solutions, or no solutions. Show which of these possibilities is the case by successively transforming the given equation into simpler forms, until an equivalent equation of the form x = a, a = a, or a = b results (where a and b are different numbers). MCC8.EE.7b Solve linear equations with rational number coefficients, including equations whose solutions require expanding expressions using the distributive property and collecting like terms. Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations. MCC8.EE.8 Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear equations. MCC8.EE.8a Understand that solutions to a system of two linear equations in two variables correspond to points of intersection of their graphs, because points of intersection satisfy both equations simultaneously. MCC8.EE.8b Solve systems of two linear equations in two variables algebraically, and estimate solutions by graphing the equations. Solve simple cases by inspection. MCC8.EE.8c Solve real-world and mathematical problems leading to two linear equations in two variables. Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers. MCC8.NS.1 Know that numbers that are not rational are called irrational. Understand informally that every number has a decimal expansion; for rational numbers show that the decimal expansion repeats eventually, and convert a decimal expansion which repeats eventually into a rational number. MCC8.NS.2 Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to compare the size of irrational numbers, locate them approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions (e.g., π2). Define, evaluate, and compare functions. MCC8.F.1 Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output. The graph of a function is the set of ordered pairs consisting of an input and the corresponding output.
App: Function Machine MCC8.F.2 Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). MCC8.F.3 Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function, whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear. Use functions to model relationships between quantities. MCC8.F.4 Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x, y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of a linear function in terms of the situation it models, and in terms of its graph or a table of values. MCC8.F.5 Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally. Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data. MCC8.SP.1 Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities.Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association. MCC8.SP.2 Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line. MCC8.SP.3 Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept. MCC8.SP.4 Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a two-way table. Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables.

BELOW, YOU WILL FIND YOUR EIGHTH GRADE COMMON CORE STANDARDSPLEASE FEEL FREE TO ADD ANY ADDITIONALAPPSTO THE APPROPRIATE STANDARDSELA8th Grade LAREADING LITERARY (RL)

Key Ideas and Details

Middle School English

ELACC8RL1:

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis

of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

ELACC8RL2:

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze its

development over the course of the text, including its relationship to the

characters, setting, and plot; provide an objective summary of the text.

ELACC8RL3:

Analyze how particular lines of dialogue or incidents in a story or

drama propel the action, reveal aspects of a character, or provoke a decision.

Craft and Structure

ELACC8RL4:

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in

a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or allusions to

other texts.

ELACC8RL5:

Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and

analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and

style.

ELACC8RL6:

Analyze how differences in the points of view of characters and

the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create

such effects as suspense or humor.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELACC8RL7:

Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story

or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the

choices made by the director or actors.

ELACC8RL9:

Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns

of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works

such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new.

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

ELACC8RL10:

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature,including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of grades 6-8 text

complexity band independently and proficiently

READING INFORMATIONAL (RL)

Key Ideas and Details

ELA

CC8RI1:

Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis

of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

USA Today

ELACC8RI2:

Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development

over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas;

provide an objective summary of the text.

ELACC8RI3:

Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions

between individuals, ideas, or events (e.g., through comparisons, analogies, or

categories).

Craft and Structure

ELACC8RI4:

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in

a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including analogies or

allusions to other texts.

ELACC8RI5:

Analyze in detail the structure of a specific paragraph in a text,

including the role of particular sentences in developing and refining a key

concept.

ELACC8RI6:

Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and

analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or

viewpoints.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

ELACC8RI7:

Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using different

mediums (e.g., print or digital text, video, multimedia) to present a particular

topic or idea.

ELACC8RI8:

Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text,

assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is relevant and

sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

ELACC8RI9:

Analyze a case in which two or more texts provide conflicting

information on the same topic and identify where the texts disagree on

matters of fact or interpretation.

ABC News

Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity

ELACC8RI10:

By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction at the high end of the grades 6-8 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

English Listening and Reading- Encyclopedic Knowledge for Middle School

WRITING (W)

Text Types and Purposes

ELACC8W1:

Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence.

a. Introduce claim(s), acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically.

b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence.

d. Establish and maintain a formal style.

e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented.

ELACC8W2:

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas, concepts, and information through the selection, organization, and analysis of relevant content.

a. Introduce a topic clearly, previewing what is to follow; organize ideas, concepts, and information into broader categories; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., charts, tables), and

multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.

b. Develop the topic with relevant, well-chosen facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and examples.

c. Use appropriate and varied transitions to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among ideas and concepts.

d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

e. Establish and maintain a formal style.

f. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the information or explanation presented.

ELACC8W3:

Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, relevant descriptive details, and well-structured event sequences.

a. Engage and orient the reader by establishing a context and point of view and introducing a narrator and/or characters; organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally and logically. b. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, pacing, description, and reflection, to develop experiences, events, and/or characters.

c. Use a variety of transition words, phrases, and clauses to convey sequence, signal shifts from one time frame or setting to another, and show the relationships among experiences and events.

d. Use precise words and phrases, relevant descriptive details, and sensory language to capture the action and convey experiences and events.

e. Provide a conclusion that follows from and reflects on the narrated experiences or events.

Production and Distribution of Writing

ELACC8W4:

Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing typesare defined in standards 1–3 above.) ELACC8W5:

With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. (Editing for conventions should demonstrate command of Language standards 1–3 up to and including grade 8.)

ELACC8W6:

Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing & present the relationships between info. and ideas efficiently as well as to interact and collaborate with others.

Research to Build and Present Knowledge

ELACC8W7:

Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allowfor multiple avenues of exploration.

ELACC8W8:

Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.

ELACC8W9:

Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

a. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literature (e.g., "Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious

works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new").

b. Apply grade 8 Reading standards to literary nonfiction (e.g., "Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, assessing whether the reasoning is sound and the evidence is

relevant and sufficient; recognize when irrelevant evidence is introduced").

Read N Respond

Range of Writing

ELACC8W10:

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

Book Chat

SPEAKING AND LISTENING

English Listening and Reading - Encyclopedic Knowledge for Middle School

Comprehension and Collaboration

ELACC8SL1:

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on

grade 8 topics and texts, building others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.

a. Come to discussions prepared, having read or researched material under study; explicitly draw on that preparation by referring to evidence on

the topic, text, or issue to probe and reflect on ideas under discussion.

b. Follow rules for collegial discussions and decision-making, track progress toward specific goals and deadlines, and define individual roles as

needed.

c. Pose questions that connect the ideas of several speakers and elicit elaboration and respond to others’ questions and comm

ents with relevant

evidence, observations, and ideas.

d. Acknowledge new information expressed by others, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views and understanding in light of the

evidence presented.

ELACC8SL2:

Analyze the purpose of information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and evaluate the

motives (e.g., social, commercial, political) behind its presentation.

ELACC8SL3:

Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims, evaluating the soundness of the reasoning and relevance and sufficiency of the

evidence and identifying when irrelevant evidence is introduced.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

ELACC8SL4:

Present claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with relevant evidence, sound valid reasoning,

and well-chosen details; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.

ELACC8SL5:

Integrate multimedia and visual displays into presentations to clarify information, strengthen claims and evidence, and add i nterest.

ELACC8SL6:

Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade

8 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

LANGUAGE (L)

Conventions of Standard English

ELACC8L1:

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

a. Explain the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, infinitives) in general and their function in particular sentences.

b. Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.

Grammar Express: Active & Passive Voice Lite

c. Form and use verbs in the indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional, and subjunctive mood. d. Recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.*

ELACC8L2:

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. a. Use punctuation (comma, ellipsis, dash) to indicate a pause or break.

b. Use an ellipsis to indicate an omission.

c. Spell correctly.

Knowledge of Language

ELACC8L3:

Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.

a. Use verbs in the active and passive voice and in the conditional and subjunctive mood to achieve particular effects (e.g., emphasizing the actor or the action;

expressing uncertainty or describing a state contrary to fact).

Vocabulary Acquisition and Use

ELACC8L4:

Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words or phrases based on grade 8 reading and content, choosing flexibly from

a range of strategies.

a. Use context (e.g., the overall meaning of a sentence or paragraph; a word’s position or function in a sentence) as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

b. Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word (e.g.,

precede, recede, secede).

c. Consult general and specialized reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation of a word or determine or clarify its precise meaning or its part of speech

Dictionary.com

d. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).

ELACC8L5:

Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g. verbal irony, puns) in context.

b. Use the relationship between particular words to better understand each of the words.

c. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g.,

bullheaded, willful, firm, persistent, resolute).

ELACC8L6:

Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases; gather vocabulary knowledge when

considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.

MATHApp: Free Graphing Calculator

App: TI-Nspire

App: Middle School Math HD

App: Elevated Math

App: Math.

Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software.MCC8.G.1Verify experimentally the properties of rotations, reflections, and translations: a. Lines are taken to lines, and line segments to line segments of the same length. b. Angles are taken to angles of the same measure. c. Parallel lines are taken to parallel lines.App: Transformations

MCC8.G.2Understand that a two-dimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them.App: Symmetry Shuffle

MCC8.G.3Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations and reflections on two-dimensional figures using coordinates.MCC8.G.4Understand that a two-dimensional figure is similar to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations; given two similar two-dimensional figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the similarity between them.MCC8.G.5Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles.App: Sum of the Exterior Angles of Polygons

App: Geoboard

Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem.MCC8.G.6Explain a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse.App: Pythagoras

MCC8.G.7Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to determine unknown side lengths in right triangles in real-world and mathematical problems in two and three dimensions.MCC8.G.8Apply the Pythagorean Theorem to find the distance between two points in a coordinate system.Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres.MCC8.G.9Know the formulas for the volume of cones, cylinders, and spheres and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems.Work with radicals and integer exponents.MCC8.EE.1Know and apply the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions.MCC8.EE.2Use square root and cube root symbols to represent solutions to equations of the form x2 = p and x3 = p, where p is a positive rational number. Evaluate square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. Know that √2 is irrational.MCC8.EE.3Use numbers expressed in the form of a single digit times an integer power of 10 to estimate very large or very small quantities, and to express how many times as much one is than the other.App: Zombies vs. Exponents

MCC8.EE.4Perform operations with numbers expressed in scientific notation, including problems where both decimal and scientific notation are used. Use scientific notation and choose units of appropriate size for measurements of very large or very small quantities (e.g., use millimeters per year for seafloor spreading). Interpret scientific notation that has been generated by technology.Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations.MCC8.EE.5Graph proportional relationships, interpreting the unit rate as the slope of the graph. Compare two different proportional relationships represented in different ways.MCC8.EE.6Use similar triangles to explain why the slope m is the same between any two distinct points on a non-vertical line in the coordinate plane; derive the equation y = mx for a line through the origin and the equation y = mx+b for a line intercepting the vertical axis at b.Geoboard

Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.MCC8.EE.7Solve linear equations in one variable.MCC8.EE.7aGive examples of linear equations in one variable with one solution, infinitely many solutions, or no solutions. Show which of these possibilities is the case by successively transforming the given equation into simpler forms, until an equivalent equation of the form x = a, a = a, or a = b results (where a and b are different numbers).MCC8.EE.7bSolve linear equations with rational number coefficients, including equations whose solutions require expanding expressions using the distributive property and collecting like terms.Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.MCC8.EE.8Analyze and solve pairs of simultaneous linear equations.MCC8.EE.8aUnderstand that solutions to a system of two linear equations in two variables correspond to points of intersection of their graphs, because points of intersection satisfy both equations simultaneously.MCC8.EE.8bSolve systems of two linear equations in two variables algebraically, and estimate solutions by graphing the equations. Solve simple cases by inspection.MCC8.EE.8cSolve real-world and mathematical problems leading to two linear equations in two variables.Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers.MCC8.NS.1Know that numbers that are not rational are called irrational. Understand informally that every number has a decimal expansion; for rational numbers show that the decimal expansion repeats eventually, and convert a decimal expansion which repeats eventually into a rational number.MCC8.NS.2Use rational approximations of irrational numbers to compare the size of irrational numbers, locate them approximately on a number line diagram, and estimate the value of expressions (e.g., π2).Define, evaluate, and compare functions.MCC8.F.1Understand that a function is a rule that assigns to each input exactly one output. The graph of a function is the set of ordered pairs consisting of an input and the corresponding output.App: Function Machine

MCC8.F.2Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions).MCC8.F.3Interpret the equation y = mx + b as defining a linear function, whose graph is a straight line; give examples of functions that are not linear.Use functions to model relationships between quantities.MCC8.F.4Construct a function to model a linear relationship between two quantities. Determine the rate of change and initial value of the function from a description of a relationship or from two (x, y) values, including reading these from a table or from a graph. Interpret the rate of change and initial value of a linear function in terms of the situation it models, and in terms of its graph or a table of values.MCC8.F.5Describe qualitatively the functional relationship between two quantities by analyzing a graph (e.g., where the function is increasing or decreasing, linear or nonlinear). Sketch a graph that exhibits the qualitative features of a function that has been described verbally.Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data.MCC8.SP.1Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of association between two quantities.Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association.MCC8.SP.2Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line.MCC8.SP.3Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement data, interpreting the slope and intercept.MCC8.SP.4Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a two-way table. Construct and interpret a two-way table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects. Use relative frequencies calculated for rows or columns to describe possible association between the two variables.